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Spade Skin Care Acne Treatment FAQs

Causes:
Though the exact cause of acne has not been determined, research has shown that four key elements contribute to acne. They are: excess oil, clogged pores, bacteria, and inflammation. During adolescence, the body begins to develop more sebum oil, which is produced to ensure our skin does not dry out. When sebum cannot flow freely to the skin, clogged pores result. Bacteria already found on the skin’s surface flourish in the excess oil, and the body responds with inflammation.

The degree of inflammation determines what type of acnes appears on the skin. A small amount of inflammation results in a blackhead or a whitehead. This means oil flow is blocked right at the surface of the skin, and is the least serious form of acne. If the pore is blocked deeper within the skin, a papule, or pimple, forms. If the pore becomes blocked deeper still, a pus-filled pimple, or pustule, forms. The most severe type of acne lesions are cysts, which occur when very deep blockage causes intense inflammation. Cysts, sometimes called nodules, are very painful bumps. Cysts can lead to scarring in a predisposed patient.

Treatment:
There are many treatment options available for reducing your acne. Because every case is different, and treatment effectiveness depends on you. Fortunately, when acne is properly treated, it can restore the confidence and positive self-image that often wane in people afflicted by acne. Some common options include:
Cleansers:
Cleansers containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide may help reduce acne. These agents dry out the skin, remove debris, and unclog pores.
Topical Retinoids:
Topical retinoids work by loosening the plugs in clogged pores. They are also helpful in removing superficially clogged pores that cause blackheads and whiteheads.
Topical Antibiotics:
Topical antibiotics are used to remove the skin bacteria that leads to papules and pustules. They may be used in combination with other agents.
Oral Antibiotics:
Oral (by mouth) antibiotics may be prescribed for more severe acne lesions, and are most effective in treating papules, pustules, and cysts. They work to decrease inflammation and bacteria around the acne lesion.
Isoretinoin:
Isoretinoin is an oral medication that is only used for the more severe cases of acne. Isoretinoin reduces the size of the skin’s oil glands and the amount of oil the skin produces. The reduction in oil also leads to the reduction of bacteria living in the skin. Isoretinoin also slows down how fast the skin produces skin cells inside the pore, which helps pores from becoming clogged. There are many side effects of Isoretinoin and it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with a Dermatologist.
Birth Control Pills:
Birth control pills may help reduce acne in female patients by decreasing the effect of male hormones that increase or trigger acne development. Birth control pills also have side effects that must be considered when determining if this is the right route for you
Does chocolate/sugar really give you acne or is it just a myth?
This is such a nasty rumor! There has been a lot of research that shows there is no connection between acne and diets. You can eat pizza, chocolate, and french fries and they won’t cause acne! While these foods won’t cause acne, it’s important that you eat a well-balanced diet to stay healthy and feel better about yourself.
Is squeezing pimples safe or unhealthy for your skin?
You should never squeeze or pick at your pimples. When a zit shows up on your face, the first thing you want to do is pop it, but doing so can have serious consequences. When you squeeze a pimple, the infection can be pushed even deeper into your skin. What does that mean? Basically, your pimple will get redder or even bigger and you will increase your risk of scarring. It is better to leave your blemish untouched and let it disappear on its own than to try to get rid of it by popping it. Which would you rather have—a pimple for a few days or an even redder and bigger pimple that could leave behind a scar?
Can stress be a reason for acne?
You bet! Stress causes hormones to fluctuate and your body to produce extra sebum (oil), which can lead to acne. Stress can often also trigger you to eat worse and sleep less—both of which can contribute to making your acne worse. However, no need to stress more! You’d be surprised at how dancing around your room or laughing really hard with your best friend can help stress melt away.
Is it normal to have acne with dry skin?
Dry skin is no escape from acne! While we normally think of oily skin when we think about acne, that isn’t the only skin type that is prone to acne. Dry skin flakes off and can clog pores, making acne worse. If you do have dry skin it is important to moisturize, moisturize, moisturize! I know when you have acne you would think the last thing you want to do is put something else on your face that feels like it could clog your pores, but when you have dry skin this is one of the most important things you can do to help treat acne!
Is liquid or powder foundation better for acne prone skin?
Since everyone’s skin type is unique, the reaction yours has to different kinds of foundations can vary. Some beauty products may clog pores and leave unwanted residue behind, so when using a foundation—whether it be liquid or powder—be sure it’s oil free and that you rotate applicators regularly since they often carry dirt and bacteria.
I am allergic to benzoyl peroxide; what should I use to get rid of acne?
Allergic to benzoyl peroxide? Feel like there is nothing out there to get rid of your acne? Well, you’re in luck! Benzoyl peroxide is just one ingredient that can fight acne; salicylic acid is also commonly used in acne treatments. Salicylic acid is a common key active ingredient in many acne products. It works to get rid of and prevent clogged pores by breaking apart dead cells inside them and preventing the formation of dead skin cells inside, thus helping to open the pores and keep them clear.